What Are The Six Types Of Clean Energy?
There’s a lot of concern regarding pollution and harmful elements in the environment. As a result, clean energy is in much demand. The biggest advantage of using clean energy for the residential and commercial purpose is that they leave fewer carbon footprints.
Other than that, clean energy such as solar power and wind energy are free of charge. For example, using solar panels at home or business can significantly reduce the electricity bill.
Clean energy is often confused with renewable power. However, there’s a thin line that distinguishes the two. While clean energy focuses on reducing carbon emission, the renewable energy focuses on reusing the resources that are already present. To get a clearer picture of clean energy, let’s discuss the six different types of clean energy.
1. Solar Power
There’s a lot of buzz about solar products and solar applications. These are systems specially designed to capture the sun’s energy and turn it into usable energy to cool, heat or light up your home or workplace. This source of energy is free, and there won’t be any interruption in energy supply as long as there’s sun.
There are four types of solar energy systems, and they are Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Systems that use sun’s energy to generate electricity; Hot Water Systems that use sun’s energy to heat water; Space Heating Systems that utilizes sun’s energy to keep your home or office warm and comfortable, Air-Conditioning Systems that harvest sun’s energy to heat water or anti-freeze it.
The geothermal systems harvest the stable temperature beneath the surface of Earth to generate heat or keep cool. It also helps in producing hot water. While the geothermal systems are less popular than solar and wind energy, they are equally effective and immensely popular. They use a pump to transfer the warmer or cooler underground temperatures indoors.
3. Wind energy
The windmills have been used since ages to harness the power of wind energy and turn it into electricity to cool or keep warm. In the coastal locations and hilly areas where there’s a lot of wind, the small wind systems are efficient at producing electricity.
Several things from the Earth’s surface can also be used to generate free electricity. The biomass and biofuel heating systems utilize the biomass materials like logs of woods, wooden chips, and wastes from farm animals to provide water and space heating. The systems may range from the basic-styled wood burning stoves to the contemporary automated systems. The advanced micro CHP (Combined Heat and Power) systems use hydrogen or natural gas to generate electricity for space heating and water heating.
5. Ocean energy (tidal power)
The ocean energy or tidal power is a form of hydropower that uses a large amount of electricity within the ocean tides to create electricity. This alternative form of energy is created when the gravitational force of moon or sun pull the water around the seas and oceans creating high tidal waves. The ocean or sea tides contain immense energy within them which can be easily tapped to generate electricity.
Hydropower is one of the largest sources of clean energy around the world. In 2016, about 6.5 percent of the total electricity generated in the United States came from the hydro-power. To understand hydropower, it is important that you first understand the cycle of water. It has three steps:
Sun heats water present in lakes, rivers, seas, and oceans, causing the water to evaporate. Water vapor thus formed condenses as clouds and falls in the form of snow or rain. The precipitation then collects in the rivers and streams, running into the oceans. This cycle continues endlessly, creating clean energy for home and business use.